There are more than 24,800 lakes in China, 2,800 among which are natural lakes covering more than 1 square kilometers. Although there are many lakes, they are not evenly distributed in the region. In general, the largest freshwater lakes lies in the eastern monsoon region, especially the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river. In the west, more lakes are concentrated on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and most are inland saltwater lakes. Here we introduce some famous lakes in China.
Located in northeastern Qinghai plateau and 100 kilometres west of the provincial capital of Xining, Qinghai Lake is the biggest inland lake in China, as well as the biggest salt water lake. Qinghai lake is the national AAAAA natural scenic spot with a number of China's most. It has a surface area of 4,456 square kilometres and circumference of 360 kilometres. Many species use Qinghai Lake as an intermediate stop during migration due to the location of crossroads of several bird migration routes.
West lake, located in the west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, is one of the first national key scenic spots in China and one of China's top ten scenic spots. It is one of the main famous freshwater lakes in mainland China, and also one of the few ones included in the UNESCO world heritage list. West Lake has influenced poets and painters throughout Chinese history for its natural beauty and historic relics. There are five sections divided by three causeways and numerous temples, pagodas, gardens, and artificial islands within the lake.
Erhai is situated at 1,972 metres above sea level with an area of 250 square kilometres and circumference of 116 kilometres, and the total storage capacity of 2.5 billion cubic metres. Erhai or Er Lake, is the second largest highland lake in China, who got its name by its shape of an ear. Erhai lake has excellent water quality, rich aquatic resources, and also a scenic spot with rolling scenery. Moon, one of the four famous sceneries of Dali, is the moon of Erhai Lake.
Formerly known as Yaochi (“Jade Lake”), Heaven Pool was listed as one of the first national key scenic spots in 1982,, and also one of the AAAA scenic spots in Xinjiang. The four seasons of the Heaven Pool are excellent with beautiful scenery. It lies on the north side of the Bogda Shan (“Mountain of God”), about 30 kilometres south of Fukang and 45 kilometres east of Urumqi. The literati of all ages have written poems and articles to highly praise this pool, which has the reputation of “the pearl of the Mountain of God”.
Lugu Lake is an alpine lake at an elevation of 2,685 metres and is the highest lake in the Yunnan Province. The lake's shores are inhabited by many minority ethnic groups, such as the Mosuo, Norzu, Yi, etc. Lugu Lake is called the “mother lake” by the Mosuo people. The lake is surrounded by mountains and has five islands, four peninsulas and fourteen bays.
Namtso Lake, or Lake Nam, lies at an elevation of 4,718 m and is the second largest lake in the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as the third largest salt water lake of China. Namtso is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet and renowned as one of the most beautiful places in the Nyainqêntanglha mountain range. The five islands in the lake stand out in the blue waves, and buddhists say they are the embodiment of the Buddha. It was named the third most beautiful lake in China by the national geographic of China.
Thousand-island Lake is a human-made freshwater lake located in Chun’an County, Zhejiang Province, China. There are 1,078 large islands dotted the lake and a few thousand smaller ones scattered across it. Due to the environmental protection, Thousand-island Lake has the highest quality water in the great lakes of China, and is rated as the national 5A tourist scenic spot.
With an area of 1,865 square kilometers and an altitude of 4,530 meters, Siling Co is the second largest saltwater lake in the northern Tibetan Plateau and forms part of the Siling Co National Nature Reserve. It is the world’s largest nature reserve of black-necked crane.
Kanas means “beautiful and mysterious lake” in Mongolian. Located in a valley of the Altai Mountains near the very northern tip of Xinjiang, the lake was formed around 200,000 years ago during the Quaternary period as a result of glacier movement and is classified as a AAAAA scenic area. Visitors can have activities such as orienteering, hiking, rafting, rock climbing, paragliding and camping.
In Tibetan language, Yamdrok Lake means “jade lake” or “swam pool”. It is one of the three largest sacred lakes in Tibet. Its area is 675 square kilometers and altitude is 4,441 meters above sea level. Surrounded by many snow-capped mountains and fed by numerous small streams, this calm and blue lake is like an emerald on the south plateau.